What Is the Main Cause of Myopia?


Myopia is the most common cause of vision problems in people under 40 – but what causes myopia? When a person’s eyeball grows too long, it causes light to focus out in front of the retina instead of on its surface – and this condition is known as myopia or nearsightedness. It may also be caused by the lens or cornea having too much of a curve for the length of the eyeball or, a combination of these factors may be present. Myopia usually starts in childhood and stabilizes in early adulthood, although it can continue to progress with age in some people.


Is myopia a disease?

Yes, myopia is a disease. It is a refractive error caused the curvature of the cornea or increase axial length of the eye. A person with this condition can see objects close to them clearly while objects that are farther away appear blurry. That’s because the shape of the eye in a person with myopia causes the light rays to focus in front of the retina, as opposed to on the retina, resulting in vision problems that may deteriorate over time.




Can myopia be cured?

Right now, there is no cure for myopia. However, there are proven methods that an eye care practitioner can prescribe to slow its progression and minimize the effects the condition has on the patients’ daily life. Treatment is aimed at preventing or delaying the worsening of myopia, in addition to providing visual correction and relieving its symptoms which can include headaches, squinting, and eye strain.


Does myopia worsen with age?

If your child’s eyes (or yours) are getting worse every year, there’s reason for concern. Some kids who experience myopia will have a continual progression of the condition throughout their school years, well into high school. The nature of myopia is to worsen and a child with a worsening vision problem requires intervention to help slow its progression. While mild myopia may not affect the person’s quality of life very much, a severe case will not only be frustrating for the patient but can also present an increased risk of eye health problems.



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Is it possible to treat myopia without surgery?

Absolutely! There are many treatments for myopia available that don’t involve going under the knife. Some of the procedures that we offer include orthokeratology contact lenses (custom contact lenses that the patient wears while sleeping), or distance center multifocal contact lenses (lenses designed with distinct “zones” to help slow myopia). Additionally, we provide atropine treatments (medicinal treatments that dilate the pupils and help relax the eye’s focus center). These are proven treatments known to slow the progression of myopia in many patients.



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Which lens does a person with myopia use?

Myopia is so common that there are many well-developed spectacles and contact lens options designed to correct this problem. The most common lenses are single-vision eyeglasses and contact lenses, although there are also multifocal lenses and corneal reshaping therapy (CRT or othokeratology) available that are effective at slowing the progression of this condition. If this is the first time you’ve worn corrective lenses, the best place to start is with a comprehensive eye exam, which you can schedule by contacting the Miami Contact Lens Institute.


What is the best treatment of myopia disease?

Myopia has several possible treatments. Depending on the degree of your condition, you may need to wear corrective lenses all the time or just some of the time – for example, when driving or watching TV. At MCLI, we offer a Myopia Management Clinic designed to help patients who develop myopia as children, experience worsening vision, suffer from severe myopia, or have a family history of severe myopia. Be sure to contact us if you or your child is having trouble seeing clearly.


Testimonial from Jessica, Satisfied Myopia Patient 

Dr. Kramer has extensive knowledge in contact lenses and is always up to date with technology and advances for eye care and vision solutions. She strives to find the best solution for each person’s needs and lifestyle and for all ages. In addition to vision correction, she also provides access to other treatments including myopia management.

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